ENGR 101 | University of Michigan

Project 4: gLyft

A drawing of a bunch of planets with a route going to each one. At each planet, different numbers of people are dropped off.

Project Checkpoint and Project Partnership Registration Deadline: Tuesday, November 28, 2023
Project Due: Tuesday, Dec 5, 2023
Late Submissions Due: Friday, Dec 8, 2023

Engineering intersections: Computer Science / Engineering Entrepreneurship

Implementing this project provides an opportunity to practice file I/O, functions, loops, and data structures (vectors and structs).

The autograded portion of the final submission is worth 100 points, and the style and comments grade is worth 10 points, for a total of 110 points.

You may work alone or with a partner. Please see the syllabus for partnership rules.

Educational Objectives and Resources

This project has two aspects. First, this project is an educational tool within the context of ENGR 101, designed to help you learn certain programming skills. This project also serves as an example of a project that you might be given at an internship or job in the future; therefore, we have structured the project description in way that is similar to the kind of document you might be given in your future professional capacity.

Educational Objectives

The purpose of this project is to give you an opportunity to practice designing, implementing, and testing a fairly complex program on your own. This is the summative project in ENGR 101, and successfully completing this project will deepen your understanding of core computing concepts and skills such as: thoughtfully designing a program, using structs and vectors to organize data inside a program, planning and implementing useful helper functions, and carefully testing a complex program piece-by-piece to create a robust, reliable program.

A secondary purpose of this project is to strengthen your skill at applying a well-documented computer science algorithm to an engineering problem. This project is an example of a common problem called the Traveling Salesperson Problem. More background on the Traveling Salesperson Problem, including the approach used in this project, is in the next section.

Engineering Concepts

There are two high level engineering concepts that will be used in this project: the traveling salesperson problem and data corruption. These two concepts are briefly explained in the next sections.

Traveling Salesperson Problem (TSP)

The traveling salesperson problem is a commonly-used optimization problem that asks:

Given a list of cities and the distances between each pair of cities, what is the shortest possible route that visits each city exactly once and returns to the origin city? [Wikipedia]

The “cities” and “distances” can have different definitions according to the application of the TSP algorithm. The problem has analogous questions in circuit design (shortest distance the laser needs to travel to create a circuit board), delivery logistics (shortest time to complete package delivery to homes and/or businesses), school bus routes, and similar engineering challenges.

There are many different algorithms that have been developed to solve this problem. In this project, we will use the nearest neighbor algorithm to determine which planet to go to next. The nearest neighbor algorithm we will use is defined here as:

  1. Start at a given location
  2. Find the closest location that has not already been visited
  3. Go to that location
  4. Mark that this location has been “visited”
  5. Repeat steps 2-4 until all locations have been visited
  6. Go to the specified end location

A sample path found using this algorithm is shown in Fig. 1. Note that this is a “greedy” algorithm – it picks the single closest location that hasn’t already been visited, regardless of where the other yet-to-be-visited locations are, traffic in and out of those locations, or total distance traveled. Therefore, this greedy algorithm does not generally find the best path through all the required locations, but it often finds a path that is close to optimal. Step 6 above is required for our particular application in this project – it is not a necessary part of the nearest neighbor algorithm.

Figure 1. Example of how the nearest neighbor algorithm works. Note how the path changes based on the starting location! (Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Data Corruption

Transmission of data is always subject to potential corruption. Data corruption occurs when data transmitted by one computer and received by a second computer does not match the actual data transmitted by the first computer. Data are stored in computers in binary form: a collection of 0s and 1s. When these data are transmitted from one computer to another over a long distance, it is possible for a 0 to be received as a 1 or vice-versa due to noise in the system. This means some data may be corrupted and requires correction. There are many ways of checking for data corruption; error detection and correction is a critical component of modern computing.

In this project, we are going to work on some basic data correction based on known error effects as an introduction to the concept of data corruption. Some of the data that is used by our program has errors that need to be corrected. For example, a string that is read in as this:


needs to be corrected to this:

Hail to the Victors Valiant

Project Roadmap

This is a big picture view of how to complete this project. Most of the pieces listed here also have a corresponding section later in this document that provides more detail.

Suggested Project Timeline

Below is a suggested project timeline that you may use. You can adjust the dates around any commitments or classwork that you have going on in other courses.

Date What to have done by this day
Nov 17
  • Have detailed notes on the project specs.
  • Know how to use the data sources/files.
  • Project folder is set up on your computer and has all data sources/files and a planRoute.cpp file ready for you to add code to.
  • Have a list of code examples ready for you to use as templates for tasks in this project. Look at the "Common Patterns" from homework assignments, homework exercises, lab exercises, and lecture examples.
Nov 28
  • Project Checkpoint Completed: planRoute.cpp driver program can get planet data from the files and create the "map" with the planet symbols in the correct locations.
  • Project Partnership Registered on Autograder by today.
Dec 1
  • The planRoute.cpp driver program can determine the full route given input files.
  • Have a plan for how to expand this process to produce the output file for the project: journey.txt.
Dec 4
  • The planRoute.cpp driver program is written, tested, and debugged (including submitting to the autograder).
  • Code has been double-checked for quality: style and commenting.
Dec 5
  • Project due!
  • Verify that everything has been submitted to the autograder correctly.

Things to Know Before You Get Started

This project is less structured than the previous projects because we want you to have a chance to design and implement a program that makes sense to you. But that doesn’t mean we don’t have some helpful hints to share about how to go about setting up your program! Take a look at these sections as you start to design your program for this project.

Tips and Tricks

Here are some tips to (hopefully) reduce your frustration on this project:

Getting Started

There are many, many different ways to successfully approach this project. We encourage you to develop a good program design before composing your code. If you are stuck with getting started, refer back to what we’ve covered in homework, lecture, and labs: string manipulation, vectors, structs, vectors of structs, functions, and input/output.

Storing Planetary Data: Use a Vector of Structs

We strongly recommend using structs to store the planetary data. Structs are a logical choice since each planet has the same set of data (name, ID, location, etc.) and because one naturally thinks about the planet first and then all the data associated with that planet (as opposed to thinking of a bunch of names, then a bunch of IDs, then a bunch of row numbers, etc.). A vector of structs will conveniently store all planetary data for use later in your program.

Getting the Warning About “comparison of integers of different signs”

We strongly recommend that you continue to compile using the -Wall and -pedantic flags to help you catch bugs in your program. Sometimes, these warnings are important to fix, and sometimes the warnings are more in the way of a “heads up” that you can ignore if you want to. For example, if you have some code that uses a vector of ints like this:

vector <int> test_vector;
for (int i = 0; i < test_vector.size(); ++i) {
    // do vector stuff

and you compile using the -Wall and -pedantic flags, you might see an error that looks something like this:

warning: comparison of integers of different signs: 'int' 
and 'std::__1::vector<int, std::__1::allocator<int> >::size_type' 
(aka 'unsigned long') [-Wsign-compare]
        for (int i = 0; i < test_vector.size(); ++i){

This error message is trying to warn you that you are comparing integers whose values might represent different things: a signed integer vs. an _unsigned _integer. Remember how we have different variable types in C++ like int, double, bool, string, and vector? Well, there are different types of variables that can represent integers with different ranges and/or use different amounts of memory in the computer. This warning is telling us that we’re comparing i (a “regular” signed integer) to the value that is returned by the vector’s .size() function (an “unsigned long” integer which has a different range of values than “regular” integers).

We don’t really get into the different kinds of integers (or doubles) in ENGR 101 because our applications don’t require this level of memory control and instruction… and because we’re covering quite enough content as it is! In this case of the “traversing a vector” pattern, you can safely ignore this warning because our vectors are small enough that comparing a signed integer to an unsigned integer will not cause us any problems. However, if you would like to resolve this error so that you don’t have to look at it every time you re-compile, here are a couple of options you can use.

Option 1: The .size() vector function returns a value with type ‘size_t’ (this means it is an unsigned integer). Therefore, to make the warning go away, we need to compare the value returned by .size() to an unsigned integer, rather than our usual signed integer. So, we can declare i to be a size_t variable instead of an int variable:

vector <int> test_vector;
for (size_t i = 0; i < test_vector.size(); ++i) {
    // do vector stuff

Option 2: We could also cast the value returned by .size() as an int so that we are comparing ints. Casting is explicitly converting a variable from one type to another.

	vector <int> test_vector;
	for (int i = 0; i < int(test_vector.size()); ++i) {
		// do vector stuff

Either one of these options will resolve the “comparison of integers of different signs” warning.

Passing Parameters to Functions

Recall that when you write functions which pass in large data structures, such as vectors and structs, it is best to use pass-by-reference. Refer back to your notes/homeworks to remind you when to use pass-by-value, pass-by-reference, and const pass-by-reference.

Submission and Grading

This project has one deliverable: planRoute.cpp. See the Deliverables section for more details.

After the due date, the Autograder portion of the project will be graded in two parts. First, the Autograder will be responsible for evaluating your submission. Second, one of our graders will evaluate your submission for style and commenting and will provide a maximum score of 10 points. Thus, the maximum total number of points on this project is 110 points.

Submitting Prior to the Project Deadline

Submit the .cpp file to the Autograder for grading. You do not have wait until you have the program ready to submit before you submit to the Autograder for the first time.

However, because this project’s program is entirely your own design, it is harder for us to test individual parts of your program on the Autograder. Many of the test cases on the Autograder are “all or nothing” for this project, and there are not as many test cases for individual program steps/tasks as there were for previous projects.

We strongly recommend that you thoroughly test your program locally (on your own computer) before you start using the Autograder as a debugger.

There are two test cases that you can use locally (see the Testing Your Program Section for more details). Each of these test cases has the correct version of the file that your program needs to create. Use these test cases as a starting point for verifying that your program is working correctly. You will get a lot more helpful warnings and errors locally then you will from the Autograder!

As you complete the steps for this project, you can continually submit your file to the autograder for feedback as you work on the project. To receive full credit, you need to submit the file and pass all test cases within a single submission.

The autograder will run a set of public tests - these are the same as the test scripts provided in this project specification. It will give you your score on these tests, as well as feedback on their output.

The autograder also runs a set of hidden tests. These are additional tests of your code (e.g. special cases). You still see your score on these tests, and you will receive some feedback on any cases that your code does not pass.

You are limited to 5 submissions on the Autograder per day. After the 5th submission, you are still able to submit, but all feedback will be hidden other than confirmation that your code was submitted. The autograder will only report a subset of the tests it runs. It is up to you to develop tests to find scenarios where your code might not produce the correct results.

You will receive a score for the autograded portion equal to the score of your best submission.

Your latest submission with the best score will be the code that is style graded. For example, let’s assume that you turned in the following:

Submission # 1 2 3 4
Score 50 100 100 75

Then your grade for the autograded portion would be 100 points (the best score of all submissions) and Submission #3 would be style graded since it is the latest submission with the best score.

Please refer to the syllabus for more information regarding partner groups and general information about the Autograder.

Here is the breakdown of points for style and commenting (max score of 10 points):

Autograder Details

Test Case Descriptions and Error Messages

Each of the test cases on the Autograder is testing for specific things about your code. Often, it’s checking to see if your programs can handle “special cases” of data, such as: corrupted data, choosing the correct path when multiple planets are the same distance away, etc.

Debugging out-of-bounds errors. To debug the indexing out-of-bounds errors, use cout statements inside of loops that transverse vectors to print out the index each time you go through it. Look at the last value that prints before the program crashes. Now you know that the next value causes the error. Here are some common situations/observations you may see:

After running the test case, the Autograder will compare your code’s generated journey.txt file to what is expected. Within the Autograder tests, you can click to expand the “Check journey.txt” test and see a window that compares the expected output for the file (on the left) to your output file (on the right).

The Autograder is very particular about having the output match perfectly. This means every character and every whitespace must match – so beyond the map, be sure each word in your file is spelled correctly, has matching spaces and matching newlines. Lines that don’t correspond with the excpected output will be highlighted, and you can click “Show Whitespace” to see the correct spacing and newline placement.

Project Overview

The purpose of this project is to give you practice developing a program by writing your own structs and helper functions and using file input and output streams. It also gives you the opportunity to put together all that you’ve learned about programming in ENGR101 to approach an engineering problem!

Background and Motivation

CEO Uberwine von Lyften is looking to expand the service of the galactic ride-sharing company, gLyft, headquartered on Proxima b. gLyft currently serves three planets (including Proxima b) and the company wants to be able to plan routes between many more planets once their service is expanded to other nearby planets (Fig. 2).

Figure 2. A sketch of the current planets that gLyft serves and how many planets they want to expand their service to.

The original service range of three planets wasn’t too difficult to schedule routes through; there just aren’t that many different paths one can take between three locations. But with the proposed service expansion to many different planets, gLyft needs a more advanced route planning algorithm and program.

Your Job

In this project, your job is to find a recommended path from each planet to the next within your gLyft driver’s range.

Data Sources/Files

These sections describe the different sets of data you have available for implementing and testing your programs for this project. Make sure you understand the different formats and layouts of the data in the data files before you start to work with the data itself.

There are two data files that your code needs to read data from:

  1. A file containing the locations your gLyft driver is required to visit
  2. A file containing the names of the planets with their ID numbers

Note: The actual names of these data files will be entered by the user via the terminal, but you can assume that any locations and names files that are used will follow the same format. The next sections of the project specifications will document the general format of the locations and names files.

Location File

Each gLyft driver has a given range that they cover. The range is represented as a grid with a given number of rows and columns. If a planet is located within the driver’s range (i.e. the planet’s row and column are each within the driver’s grid), then the driver can take passengers to that planet.

The locations file contains information about the locations that the gLyft driver is assigned to visit. Here are two sample locations files (click the filenames to download):

Download these files and open them up to see what they look like. Compare the contents of the files to the description of the contents below.

The file first lists information specific to the driver:

The file then lists all of the planets that the driver is supposed to take gLyft customers to:

Here is a schematic of what a locations text file will look like:

<Number of Grid Rows> <Number of Grid Columns>
<Starting Row> <Starting Column>
<Ending Row> <Ending Column>
<Planet 1 Row> <Planet 1 Column> <Planet 1 Symbol> <Planet 1 ID>
<Planet 2 Row> <Planet 2 Column> <Planet 2 Symbol> <Planet 2 ID>
<Planet 3 Row> <Planet 3 Column> <Planet 3 Symbol> <Planet 3 ID>

Here is a description for each of the fields in the schematic:

field description
<Number of Grid Rows> the number of rows there are in your grid
<Number of Grid Columns> the number of columns there are in your grid
<Starting Row> the starting point’s row number (not index number)
<Starting Column> the starting point’s column number (not index number)
<Ending Row> the ending point’s row number
<Ending Column> the ending point’s column number
<Planet Row> the planet’s row number
<Planet Column> the planet’s column number
<Planet Symbol> the symbol associated with the planet’s surcharge type (this will always be one character in length)
<Planet ID> a unique integer ID that is associated with the planet

Read in all of the information in the file, no matter how many planets there are, and store the data in variables so you can use the information later.

Heads Up! Some planets will have coordinates that lie outside the driver’s grid, which means that the driver can’t take passengers to those planets. You’ll need to handle these cases specially: see the Get Planet Information section of the program algorithm for more details on what to do with out-of-range planets.

Names File

The locations that the gLyft driver needs to visit need to be cross-listed against a planet names file in order to look up the name of the planets that the driver is going to. The names file contains a database-type list of planet IDs and their corresponding planet names. Here are two sample names files (click the filenames to download):

Download these files and open them up to see what they look like. Compare the contents of the files to the description of the contents below.

The names file will contain the planet IDs that are in the locations file (e.g. locations_1.txt). However, the names file is a totally separate listing of information about the planets so the planets listed in the names file are not necessarily in the same order as the planets listed in the locations file… and there may be more planet IDs in the names file than in the locations file.

Here is a schematic of what a names text file will look like:

<Planet 1 ID> <Planet 1 Name>
<Planet 2 ID> <Planet 2 Name>

Here is a description for each of the fields in the schematic:

field description
<Planet ID> a unique ID that is associated with the planet
<Planet Name> a name that is a contiguous set of characters (i.e. no spaces)

You are guaranteed that all of the planet IDs in the locations file will be present in the names file, and each planet ID will have a corresponding planet name. The names file may have planet IDs and planet names that you don’t need for a given route, and that just means that information won’t be used for that route (which is totally fine).

The names file is particularly susceptible to data corruption and the gLyft team can’t figure out why. Unfortunately, the names of each of the planets need to be corrected after they are read into the program. There are two types of corruption that happen:

  1. Pairs of Xs can be inserted into various locations in the planet’s name
  2. Any spaces in the planet’s name get converted to underscores (_)

To correct the data, any double XXs need to be removed from the planet name, and the underscores (_) need to be replaced with spaces.


This project has a single deliverable: planRoute.cpp. This is a C++ file that contains your main() function, as well as any helper functions or structs you implement to use in the driver program.

Starter Code and Test Progams

The starter code file contains some comments to help set up the grading of your code, however there is no starter code beyond this initial setup. You will write the rest of the code needed to implement the tasks described in the Project Task Description section. The starter code file has _starter appended to the file’s name so that if you want to download a fresh copy of the starter code, you won’t accidentally overwrite an existing version of the file that may have some code you have written in it. Remember to remove the _starter part of the filename so that your program will run correctly!

Click the filename to download the starter code:

There are no test scripts/programs for this project. See the Testing Your Program section for information on how to use the data sources/files to test your program.

Compiling and Running the Program

To compile the program, use the following compile command (click the line number to copy the command):

$ g++ -std=c++11 -Wall -pedantic planRoute.cpp -o planRoute

Notes about compiling this program:

Once compiled, the program can be run from the terminal like this (click the line number to copy the command):


Project Task Description

The gLyft driver needs two things before they start their route:

  1. a “map” of their service range that includes symbols for the planets that they’re going to
  2. a list of their stops in order: the starting location, each of the planets (as determined by the nearest neighbor algorithm), and the ending location

This project needs to create a journey.txt file that contains this information for the gLyft driver. An example of what a journey.txt file looks like is shown in Fig. 3.

Figure 3. An example of the journey.txt file with the "map" section and the "directions" sections labeled.

Description of planRoute.cpp

The driver program and all helper functions will be written in a C++ file named planRoute.cpp.

There are no required helper functions for this project but you are strongly recommended to create your own helper functions to help abstract away some of the complexity of this project. When creating this file, be sure to have any #include statements necessary for your program!


For this project, you will need to determine a route for your gLyft driver using the nearest neighbor algorithm. The route begins at a given starting point, proceeds to the customers’ planets, and ends at a given endpoint. You will need to correctly read data from input files, determine the route, and create an output file with a “map” of the planets and the route the gLyft driver needs to take to travel from the starting point to the end point. These high level steps are detailed in the next sections.

Read in Planet Data

Your program needs to read in the planet location data and name data. To do this properly, you will need to:

The locations and names files are described in the Data Sources/Files Section. The sections below describe these steps in a little more detail.

Get Filenames

Your program should prompt the user for the names of the two files with the planet data. Asking for the filenames, rather than hardcoding the filenames, makes the program flexible – the person writing the files may name them whatever they want.

Ask the user for the locations file first using the following prompt:

Enter Locations Filename:

The user will then enter a filename (e.g. locations_1.txt or locations_2.txt).

Next, ask the user for the names file using the following prompt:

Enter Names Filename:

The user will then enter a filename (e.g. names_1.txt or names_2.txt).

Open Files

Once both input filenames have been entered by the user, the program should open the files for reading. If either of the input files is not found or cannot be opened for reading, the program shoud output this message to the terminal:

Input file could not be opened

Include a newline after the message is printed. After printing this message, the program should exit with code return 1;.

Note: You do not need to print or determine which file caused the failure; simply print the above message and exit the program.

Note: The provided test cases do not test the error handling of input files. You should generate your own test case to ensure compliance. Do not submit your test case, just ensure your code satisfies this important required project specification.

Get Planet Information and Correct Data Corruption

After the two files have been opened, read in the data from the files to your program. You can store the data in whatever types of data structures you think is best.

We strongly recommend that you use a vector of structs to store the planetary data. See the Rover Mission and Containerships programs for coding inspiration.

As you check each planet in the file, you need to check that the planet is in the driver’s range (their “grid”). If a planet’s row or column lies outside the rows and columns that define the driver’s grid, then that planet is out of range. If a planet is out of range, print a message to the terminal:

<Planet ID> out of range - ignoring

where <Planet ID> is the ID of the planet whose coordinates are not within the grid. For example, if a planet with ID 3092 is not in the driver’s range, then this message would be printed to the terminal:

3092 out of range - ignoring

Any out of range planets can be removed (or otherwise ignored) prior to using the nearest neighbor algorithm when planning the driver’s route.

The messages for the out of range planets should be printed to the terminal in the same order as the planets appear in the locations file.

The planet names will need to have their data corruption corrected as well. For each planet that is in the driver’s route, you will need to correct any errors in the planet’s name by:

The corrections to the planet names should happen to the data stored in variables within your program; you should not modify the input files.

Create Location Grid

The gLyft driver needs a map of where they are supposed to be taking passengers. So, your program needs to create a grid of characters representing the “map” of locations within your gLyft driver’s range. The locations file indicates the number of rows and columns in the grid. The locations file also contains 1-character symbols representing each planet.

To create the grid that is the “map”:

Watch your indexing!

For your grid that represents the map, the locations of the route (planets and starting/ending point) are all defined as row/column values starting at 1. For example, a starting point may be at the 3rd row and the 5th column.

The row numbers increase from the top row to the bottom row and column numbers increase from the left column to the right column. In other words, the upper left corner of the grid map corresponds to (row 1, column 1).

If you store your map in a vector of vectors, remember that C++ vector indices begin with index 0. Check, then double check your indexing!!

Determine the Route

To schedule the gLyft driver’s route, implement the nearest neighbor algorithm. The nearest neighbor algorithm will need to calculate which planet is “closest” to the current location. We will assume that the planets all lie in the (x,y) galactic plane and that we can use the following formula for distance:

\[distance = \sqrt{(x_{current}-x_{potential})^2+(y_{current}-y_{potential})^2}\]

where \(x_{current}\) and \(y_{current}\) are the coordinates of the current location and \(x_{potential}\) and \(y_{potential}\) are the coordinates of the location of a potential candidate that we wish to visit.

Here is the algorithm for implementing the nearest neighbor algorithm to determine the route for the gLyft driver:

  1. The first location in the route is the starting point (row and column provided by the locations file)
  2. The first location is now the current location
  3. The next location is the planet closest to the current location. To find the next location:
    1. Go through each of the planets that have not already been visited; these are the potential candidates for the next location
    2. Calculate the distance between the current location and each potential location using the distance formula defined above
    3. Determine which potential location is the shortest distance from the current location and select that potential location
      1. If two planets are the same distance from the current location, select the planet with the lower planet ID value
    4. The selected potential location becomes the next location
      1. Mark the planet at the next location as “visited” (so that you don’t accidentally go there again)
      2. “Move” to the next location by updating the row/column of the current location to be the row/column of the next location
  4. Continue selecting the next location until all planets have been visited
  5. The last location in the route is the ending point (row and column provided by the locations file)

Recommendation: Nested Loops

To establish the driver’s route, we strongly recommend that you use two nested loops:

Create a File to Document the Driver’s Journey

Your program needs to create a file named journey.txt that contains all the information that the gLyft driver needs for their route. This file contains a grid map of the route and a list of all the planets to go to in the correct order based on the algorithm described in the Determine the Route Section.

Here is a schematic of what a journey.txt file will look like:

Start at <Starting Row> <Starting Column>
Go to <Planet Name> at <Planet Row> <Planet Column>
End at <Ending Row> <Ending Column>

Here is a description for each of the fields in the schematic:

field description
<Map> the grid with all of the "in range" planets' symbols on it, as well as the starting and ending points
<Starting Row> the starting point’s row number (not index number)
<Starting Column> the starting point’s column number (not index number)
<Planet Name> the planet's name (with data corruption corrected)
<Planet Row> the planet's row number
<Planet Column> the planet's column number
<Ending Row> the ending point's row number
<Ending Column> the ending point's column number

Note: There should be a newline after the information about the ending point so that there is a blank line at the end of the file.

Testing Your Program

The two locations and names files provided in Data Sources/Files can be used to create two test cases.

Test Case 1

This test case uses the locations_1.txt and names_1.txt files. Run Test Case 1 like this:

$ g++ planRoute.cpp -o planRoute
$ ./planRoute
Enter Locations Filename: locations_1.txt
Enter Names Filename: names_1.txt
8434 out of range - ignoring
6341 out of range - ignoring
7632 out of range - ignoring
1111 out of range - ignoring

If your program works correctly, your journey.txt file should look like this:

Start at 2 5
Go to Etheria and Eternia at 2 3
Go to Domeo And James Juliett at 2 2
Go to New Earth (Planet Bob) at 5 2
Go to The Library at 6 3
Go to The Discworld at 8 3
Go to Jupiter Two at 7 1
Go to Fhloston Paradise at 13 1
End at 5 1

Here is a copy of Test Case #1’s journey.txt file saved as journey_1.txt so that you can can compare the correct version to your version without VS Code complaining that there are two files with the same name.

Test Case 2

This test case uses the locations_2.txt and names_2.txt files. Run Test Case #2 like this:

$ g++ planRoute.cpp -o planRoute
$ ./planRoute
Enter Locations Filename: locations_2.txt
Enter Names Filename: names_2.txt
1231 out of range - ignoring

If your program works correctly, your journey.txt file should look like this:

Start at 13 11
Go to Magrathea at 14 11
Go to Thundera at 12 11
Go to SupercalifragilisticeXpialidocious at 4 11
Go to LittleBigPlanet at 1 9
Go to Gethen at 5 3
Go to Jakku at 13 3
End at 1 2

Here is a copy of Test Case #2’s journey.txt file saved as journey_2.txt so that you can can compare the correct version to your version without VS Code complaining that there are two files with the same name.